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Television and Children

Literature Cited:

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[1a] Rideout VJ, Foehr UG, Roberts DF.  Generation M2:  media in the lives of 8-18 year-olds.  Kaiser Family Foundation. January 2010. Available at: Accessed 30 June 2010.

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[2a] Rideout, Foehr, Roberts, 2010.

[3] Rideout VJ, Foehr UG, Roberts DF.  Generation M2:  media in the lives of 8-18 year-olds.  Kaiser Family Foundation. January 2010. Available at: Accessed 30 June 2010.

[4] Roberts, Foehr, Rideout, 2005.

[5] Roberts, Foehr, Rideout, 2005.

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[8a] Rideout, Foehr, Roberts, 2010.

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[20a] Bushman & Anderson, 2009.

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[33]Kelly, Smith, 2006. 

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[45] Johnson JG, Cohen P, Kasen S, First MB, Brook JS. Association between television viewing and sleep problems during adolescence and early adulthood.  Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2004 Jun;158(6):562-8.

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[48] Center on Alcohol Marketing and Youth.  Alcohol advertising on television, 2001 to 2003:  more of the same.  Executive Summary.  Available at:  Accessed 20 July 2009.

[49] Center on Alcohol Marketing and Youth.  Youth exposure to alcohol advertising on television, 2001 to 2007.  Available at:  Accessed 20 July 2009..

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[51] Cummings KM, Morley CP, Horan JK, Steger C, Leavell NR. Marketing to America's youth: evidence from corporate documents. Tob Control. 2002 Mar;11 Suppl 1:I5-17.

[52] Gutschoven K, Van den Bulck J. Television viewing and age at smoking initiation: does a relationship exist between higher levels of television viewing and earlier onset of smoking?  Nicotine Tob Res. 2005 Jun;7(3):381-5.

[52a] Dal Cin S, Gibson B, Zanna MP, Shumate R, Fong GT. Smoking in movies, implicit associations of smoking with the self, and intentions to smoke. Psychological Science. 2007 18:559-563.

[53] Kunkel D, Eyal K, Finnerty K, Biely E, Donnerstein E.  Sex on TV.   Kaiser Family Foundation.  November 2005. 

[54] Collins RL, Elliott MN, Berry SH, Kanouse DE, Kunkel D, Hunter SB, Miu A. Watching sex on television predicts adolescent initiation of sexual behavior. Pediatrics. 2004 Sep;114(3):e280-9.

[55] Chandra A, Martino SC, Collins RL, Elliott MN, Berry SH, Kanouse DE, Miu A. Does watching sex on television predict teen pregnancy? Findings from a national longitudinal survey of youth. Pediatrics. 2008 Nov;122(5):1047-54.


Written and compiled by Kyla Boyse, RN.  Reviewed by Brad Bushman, PhD.

Updated August 2010

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