Limit cycles in the presence of convection: A traveling wave analysis


We consider a diffusion model with limit cycle reaction functions. In an unbounded domain, diffusion spreads the pattern outwards from the source. Convection adds instability to the reaction-diffusion system. The result of this instability is a readiness to create a pattern. We choose the Lambda-Omega reaction functions for their simple limit cycle. We carry out a transformation of the dependent variables into polar form. From this we consider the initiation of the pattern to approximate a traveling wave. We carry out numerical experiments to test our analysis. These confirm the premise of the analysis, that the initiation can be modeled by a traveling wave. Furthermore, the analysis produces a good estimate of the numerical results. Most significantly, we confirm that the pattern consists of two different types.