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Precocious Puberty (Early Puberty)


[1a] Herman-Giddens ME, Steffes J, Harris D, Slora E, Hussey M, Dowshen SA, et al. Secondary sexual characteristics in boys: Data from the pediatric research in office settings network. Pediatrics. 2012 Nov;130(5):e1058-68.

[1b] Lee JM, Appugliese D, Kaciroti N, Corwyn RF, Bradley RH, Lumeng JC. Weight status in young girls and the onset of puberty. Pediatrics. 2007;119(3):e624-630.

[1c] Özen S, Darcan Ş. Effects of environmental endocrine disruptors on pubertal development. J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol. 2011;3(1):1-6.

[1] vom Saal FS, Hughes C. An extensive new literature concerning low-dose effects of bisphenol A shows the need for a new risk assessment. Environ Health Perspect. 2005 Aug;113(8):926-33.

[2] Parent AS, Rasier G, Gerard A, Heger S, Roth C, Mastronardi C, Jung H, Ojeda SR,Bourguignon JP. Early onset of puberty: tracking genetic and environmental factors. Horm Res. 2005;64 Suppl 2:41-7.

[2a] Konkel, L. Early Puberty?  Girls exposed to household chemical menstruate earlier, CDC study finds. Environmental Health News, 2012; August 31.  Available at:

[3] Ge, X, Conger, RD. & Elder, Jr., GH. The relation between puberty and psychological distress in adolescent boys. Journal of Research on Adolescence  2001; 11:49-70.

[4] Ge, X, Conger, RD., Elder, Jr., GH, Coming of age too early: Pubertal influences on girls' vulnerability to psychological distress, Child Development 1996; 67: 3386-3400.

[5] Phinney, VG, Jensen, LC, Olsen, JA, and Cundick, B, The relationship between early development and psychosexual behaviors in adolescent females, Adolescence , 1990; 25: 321-332.

[6] Sonis, WA, Comite, F, Blue, J, et al., Behavior problems and social competence in girls with true precocious puberty, Journal of Pediatrics , 1985; 106: 156-160.

[7] Graber, J, Lewinsohn, PM, Seeley, JR, Brooks-Gunn, J, Is psychopathology associated with the timing of pubertal development? Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 1997; 36: 1768-1776.

Reviewed by faculty and staff at the University of Michigan

Updated November 2012


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