Safety Out and About
Walking, Biking, Scooter, School Bus and Shopping Cart Safety
 Rivara FP, Bergman AB, Drake C. Parental attitudes and practices toward children as pedestrians. Pediatrics. 1989 Dec;84(6):1017-21.
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 ] Agran PF, Winn DG, Anderson CL. Differences in child pedestrian injury events by location. Pediatrics. 1994 Feb;93(2):284-8.
 Ehrlich PF, Helmkamp JC, Williams JM, Haque A, Furbee PM. Matched analysis of parent's and children's attitudes and practices towards motor vehicle and bicycle safety: an important information gap. Inj Control Saf Promot. 2004 Mar;11(1):23-8.
 Thompson RS, Rivara FP, Thompson DC A case control study of the effectiveness of bicycle safety helmets. N Engl J Med
 Thompson DC, Rivara FP, Thompson RS Effectiveness of bicycle safety helmets in preventing head injuries. A case-control study. JAMA 1996; 276:1968-1973
 Thompson DC, Nunn ME, Thompson RS, Rivara FP Effectiveness of bicycle safety helmets in preventing serious facial injury. JAMA 1996; 276:1974-1975
 Rivara FP, Astley SJ, Clarren SK, Thompson DC, Thompson RS. Fit of bicycle safety helmets and risk of head injuries in children. Inj Prev. 1999 Sep;5(3):194-7.
 American Academy of Pediatrics. Bicycle helmets. Committee on Injury and Poison Prevention. Pediatrics. 2001 Oct;108(4):1030-2.
 Forjuoh SN, Fiesinger T, Schuchmann JA, Mason S. Helmet use: a survey of 4 common childhood leisure activities. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2002 Jul;156(7):656-61.
 US Consumer Product Safety Commission. Motorized scooter use increases and injuries climb. Available at URL: http://www.cpsc.gov/CPSCPUB/PREREL/prhtml01/01222.html. Accessed 19 June 2006.
 Powell EC, Tanz RR. Tykes and bikes: injuries associated with bicycle-towed child trailers and bicycle-mounted child seats. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2000 Apr;154(4):351-3.
 Tanz RR, Christoffel KK. Tykes on bikes: injuries associated with bicycle-mounted child seats. Pediatr Emerg Care. 1991 Oct;7(5):297-301.
 Sargent JD, Peck MG, Weitzman M. Bicycle-mounted child seats. Injury risk and prevention. Am J Dis Child. 1988 Jul;142(7):765-7.
 US Consumer Product Safety Commission. Shopping cart injuries: victims five years old and younger. Available at URL: http://www.cpsc.gov/LIBRARY/shopcart.html. Accessed 19 June 2006.
 American Academy of Pediatrics. Car safety seats: a guide for families, 2006. Available at URL: http://www.aap.org/family/carseatguide.htm. Accessed 19 June 2006.
Written and compiled by Kyla Boyse, R.N. Reviewed by faculty and staff at the University of Michigan
Updated October 2009
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