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Low-Oxalate Diet Guidelines


Oxalate is a compound produced by the human body, as well as absorbed from the diet.  It is a known promoter of urinary stone formation.  Your recent 24-hour urine collection revealed high levels of oxalate.  Therefore, we recommend cutting back on high-oxalate foods in an effort to prevent future stones.  Specifically, you should limit your oxalate to 40 to 50 mg each day.


High-oxalate foods and drinks (more than 10 mg per serving)

Drinks

Dark beer, black tea, chocolate milk, cocoa, instant coffee, hot chocolate, juice from high-oxalate fruits, ovaltine, soy drinks

 

Dairy

Soy cheese, soy yogurt

 

Fats, nuts, seeds

Nuts, nut butters, sesame seeds, tahini, soy nuts

 

Starch

Amaranth, buckwheat, cereal (bran or high fiber), crispbread (rye or wheat), fruit cake, grits, taro, wheat bran, wheat germ, whole wheat bread, whole wheat flour

 

Fruit

Blackberries, blueberries, carambola, concord grapes, currents, dewberries, elderberries, figs, fruit cocktail, gooseberry, kiwis, lemon peel lime peel, orange peel, raspberries, rhubarb, canned strawberries, tamarillo, tangerines

 

Vegetables

Beans (baked, green, dried, kidney), beets, beet root, carrots, celery, chicory, collards, dandelion greens, eggplant, escarole, kale, leeks, okra, olives, parsley, peppers (chili and green), pokeweed, potatoes (baked, boiled, fried), rutabaga, spinach, summer squash, sweet potato, swiss chard, zucchini

 

Condiments

Black pepper (more than 1 tsp), marmalade, soy sauce

 

Misc

Chocolate, parsley

Moderate-oxalate foods and drinks (2 – 10 mg per serving)

Drinks

Draft beer, carrot juice, brewed coffee, cranberry juice, Guinness beer, Matetea tea, orange juice, rosehip tea, tomato juice, Twinings black currant tea

 

Dairy

Yogurt

 

Fats, nuts, seeds

Flaxseed, sunflower seeds

 

Fruit

Apples, applesauce, apricots, coconut, cranberries, mandarin orange, orange, fresh peaches, fresh pear, pineapples, purple and Damson plums, prunes, fresh strawberries

 

Meat

Liver, sardines

 

Starch

Bagels, brown rice, cornmeal, corn starch, corn tortilla, fig cookie, oatmeal, ravioli (no sauce), spaghetti in red sauce, sponge cake, cinnamon Poptart, white bread

 

Vegetables

Artichoke, asparagus, broccoli, brussel sprouts, carrots (canned), corn fennel, lettuce, lima beans, mustard greens, onions, parsnip, canned peas, tomato, tomato soup, turnips, vegetable soup, watercress

 

Misc

Ginger, malt, potato chips (less than 3.5 oz), strawberry jam/preserves, thyme

*Food and drink serving sizes are 3.5 ounces (100 grams) unless otherwise noted.

Revised 10/8/2010 JMH