ABOUT SLEEP DISORDERS

  • Insomnia
    People with insomnia have a difficult time falling sleep, frequently wake during the night, or wake too early. This is a fairly common problem in adults; 10-20% of adults report chronic insomnia. Interestingly, women are affected more than men, by a ratio of 3:2, and people over 65 years of age are more likely to suffer from insomnia.

  • Restless Legs Syndrome
    Restless legs syndrome causes an irresistible urge to move the legs, typically when sedentary, at night, and when trying to fall asleep. Roughly 10% of the population in Western countries suffer from this syndrome.

  • Narcolepsy
    Narcolepsy affects about 0.03% of the population. The typical features include excessive daytime sleepiness, decreased work productivity, and impaired social interactions.
  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea
    Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when one's throat closes repeatedly during sleep. This causes breathing to stop for 10-30 seconds which leads to a brief awakening. The most common consequence of obstructive sleep apnea is excessive daytime sleepiness. About 4% of adult men and 2% of adult women suffer from sleep apnea and admit to daytime sleepiness. More people have sleep apnea and do not admit or experience sleepiness. 80% of men and 90% of women who have sleep apnea do not know that they have this condition. Sleep apnea is associated with an increased risk for motor vehicle crash, hypertension, stroke, and heart attack.

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Children
    Children are at particularly high risk of sleep apnea. At least 1-3% of children are affected by frank sleep apnea, while up to 10% of children suffer a milder form. Children with sleep apnea do worse in school, and it may contribute to ADHD and aggressive behavior. Most children with sleep apnea are not diagnosed.
Copyright 2014 UM Center for Sleep Science