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Department of Pediatrics

Evidence-Based Pediatrics Web Site


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GENERAL PEDIATRICS/ BEHAVIORAL

The Use of Alcohol-Based Hand Sanitizer Prevents the Spread of Viral Gastrointestinal Infection in the Communityhand sanitizer
Pertussis Vaccine Refusal Increases Risk of Pertussis Infectionpertussis vaccine
Poor Sleep Quality is associated with elevated blood pressure in Adolescentssleep quality
Low-Allergen Maternal Diet Decreases Cry/Fuss Duration of Breastfed Infants with Colicmaternal diet
Acetaminophen use in early childhood may be a risk factor for development of asthmaacetaminophen
There is not enough data to support the vaccination of egg allergic children with the influenza vaccine.
Tonsillectomy may be an effective treatment for PFAPA Syndrome
Isotonic maintenance fluid is associated with a lower incidence of hyponatremia in PICU Patients
Saline Nasal Irrigation May Provide Symptom Relief in Patients with Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis
Melatonin is Effective in Decreasing Sleep Latency in Children with ADHD on Stimulants
Honey decreases nocturnal cough in children with uncomplicated URI
Osmotically released methylphenidate is superior to atomoxetine in the treatment of AHDH
Permanent first molar sealants prevent tooth decay
Watchful Waiting in AOM Reduces Antibiotic Resistance
Acyclovir Does Not Iimprove Bell’s Palsy
Combined H1 and H2 Blockade in Allergic Reactions causes Faster Improvement of Urticaria
Benefit of Nicotine Patch for Adolescent Smokers
Glucuronidase Inhibitors Reduce Jaundice in Breastfed Infants
Behavioral Management Beneficial in Treatment of Encopresis
Isotonic Fluids for Dehydrated Children
Intermittent Inhaled Steroids Do Not Prevent Development of Asthma
Benefit of Acyclovir in Neonatal Herpes
Circumcision and Risk of HIV
Breast Milk is Recommended for All Infants Both Premature and Term
Cupfeeding May Prolong Breastfeeding Duration Among Infants Requiring Multiple Supplements or Cesarean-Delivered Infants
Low-Quantity Intervention Sessions Are Effective in Increasing Rates of Exclusive Breastfeeding
Virosome Hepatitis A Vaccine is Effective in Preventing Hepatitis A Infection Among Children 18 months to 6 Years of Age
Fluoxetine Does Not Cause A Statistically Significant Increase in Risk of Suicidal Events in Depressed Adolescents, Though Adequately Powered Studies are Still Needed
Influenza Vaccine Efficacious Even for Asthmatic Children on Steroid Burst
Teething in Infants May Give Rise to Mild Fever on the Day Before or Day of Tooth Emergence
Booster Seats Provide More Effective Injury Prevention than Seat Belts in Children Aged 4-7 Years Who Are Involved in a Motor Vehicle Collision
Intensive Medical Therapy is More Effective than Intensive Behavioral Therapy in Symptom Control of ADHD
Rotarix: The new Human Rotavirus Vaccine is Not Associated with an Increased Risk of Intussusception
OTC Cold Medication Does Not Provide Temporary URI Symptom Relief, But May Help Young Children Sleep
Iron Deficiency Is Not Adequately Detected by Routine Hemoglobin Screening
Fast Food Frequency Is Associated With Increased Weight Gain and Insulin Resistance
Calcium Supplementation is Associated with an Increased Rate of Bone Density Accumulation in a Select Group of Adolescent Females Over an 18-Month Period
Well-Child Care Recommendations Are Supported by Limited Evidence
Parents Can be Reliable Predictors in the Resolution or Persistence of Acute Otitis Media Following Antibiotic Treatment
Low-Carbohydrate, Ketogenic Diets May Enhance Weight Loss, But Need Further Study in Children
Weight Gain Can Be Significant With Depot Medroxyprogesterone Acetate (DMPA)
Peanut Allergy Does Not Appear to be Associated With Maternal Consumption of Peanuts
Compliance May Be Better Among Adolescents Using the Contraceptive Patch
Anti-IgE Therapy for Patients with Peanut Allergy
Risk of Malignancy from CT Scans is Increased, but Still Low
Using a "Safety Net" Prescription for Otitis Media
Efficacy of Ibuprofen in Fever
Following Febrile Infants as Outpatients
Peak Flow Meter Use and Asthma Outcomes
Diagnosis of Bacterial vs Viral Conjunctivitis
Oral Glucose for Neonatal Pain
Circumcision and the Risk of UTIs
Tacrolimus and Eczema, part 2
Tympanostomy Tubes and Language Development
No Clear Limits for Children With Solitary Kidneys
Efficacy of Flumist
Systematic Review Shows No Link Between MMR and Autism
Interventions for Adolescent Smokers
Leukotriene Inhibitors in Allergic Rhinitis
Effectiveness of Firearm Safety Counseling
Effectiveness of Breastfeeding Education for Physicians
Autsim and MMR: Part 3
Evaluation of Reflux in Infants
Intranasal Steroids and Allergic Rhinitis
Fatty Acid Supplementations of Infant Formula
Efficacy of Atomoxitene in ADHD
Pacifier Use Is Associated with Decreased Duration of Breastfeeding
Efficacy of Duct Tape in Treating Warts
Ipratropium in Hospitalized Asthmatics
Emergency Contraception, II
Use of Spacers in Asthmatic Children
Lactobacillus in Treatment of Diarrhea
Cost-Effectiveness of Hepatitis A Vaccination
Depression and Obesity
Most Effective Therapies for Idiopathic Scoliosis
Nasal Steroids vs Oral Antihistamines for Rhinitis
Oral versus IV Steroids for Asthma
Use of Nasal Steroids in Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Alternatives for Treating Childhood Obesity
Screening for Developmental Delay
No Benefit to Neuroimaging in Headaches With Normal Exam
Accuracy of Transcutaneous Bilirubin Measures
Benefit of Early Intervention for Hearing-Impaired Infants
Twice-A-Day Penicillin for Strep Pharyngitis
No Real Benefit of Typansotomy Tube Placement
SSRIs in Adolescent Depression
Clinical Scoring Systems Can Help in the Diagnosis of Strep Pharyngitis
Hour-Specific Bilirubin in Term Infants
Breastfeeding and the Prevention of Asthma

Allergen Avoidance and Subsequent Food Allergy (updated 3/02)

Diagnosing Testicular Torsion
Pacifier Use May Increase Otitis Media Incidence
Influenza Vaccine Prevents Asthma Exacerbations
Treatments for Teething
Treatment of Clinically-Diagnosed Sinusitis
Primary Care Intervention for Firearms
Cimetidine for Recalcitrant Warts
Breastfeeding Results in Reduced Obesity in Adolescents
Xylitol and Otitis Media
Simethicone for Acute Diarrhea
Weight Gain and Contraceptives
Topical Tacrolimus in the Treatment of Eczema
Newborn Screening for Cystic Fibrosis
Prophylaxis following Strep Arthritis
Injuries from Skateboards
Cost-Effectiveness of Rapid Strep Tests
Need for More Frequent Screening for Chlamydia
No Association Between Enuresis and Sleep Apnea
Home Monitors in ALTEs
Antidepressants and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Catheter-Associated DVT Is Common
Safety of Scuba Diving for Asthmatics
N-of-1 Trials of Methylphenidate
Safety of Prevnar Vaccine
Cost-Benefit of Head Start
Therapy for Problems with Breastfeeding
Adapalene Gel as Treatment for Acne
Use of Ipecac for In-Home Poisoning
Effectiveness of the Ferber Method for Promoting Sleep in Infants

Impact of Juice Intake on Children's Growth

Dogs and their Biting Behavior
Oral Diazepam for Prevention of Febrile Seizures
Effect of Timing of Solids Introduction on Infant Growth
Efficacy of Cough Suppressants
Rectal Temperature Is Still the Gold Standard for Determining the Presence or Absence of Fever
Povidone-Iodine Is More Effective than Silver Nitrate or Erythromycin for Prophylaxis Against Ophthalmia Neonatorum
Role of Hospitalists in Pediatrics
Computer Systems to Prevent Adverse Events
Behavioral Therapy for Nocturnal Enuresis
Effectiveness of Emergency Contraception
Creatine Supplementation in Athletes
Simethicone and Colic
Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases 
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