- Approximately 1 in 1500 children or adolescents has either a congenital
or acquired solitary kidney.
- The 2001 AAP Guidelines on Medical Conditions affecting sports participation
recommend that athletes with the absence of one kidney receive individual
assessment prior to participation in contact, collision or limited-contact
- A Swiss study of 3609 adolescents ages 10-19 found a higher rate of
injury in body building, skate boarding, roller skating, snowboarding,
basketball, soccer and ice hockey. All had relative risks greater than
1.2 with CI not crossing one. Renal injuries were not specifically studied
Gerstenbluth RE, Spirnak JP, Elder JS. Sports participation and high
grade renal injuries in children. J Urol 2002; 168:2575-8.
PE, Trumble A, Harel Y, et al. Sports and Recreation Injuries in US
Children and Adolescents. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 1995; 149:1009-16.
IM, Kaplan GW, LoSasso BE. Renal and Testis Injuries in Team Sports.
J Urol 2002; 168:1805-7.
FR, Iselin CE, Naimi A, et al. The Higher Injury Risk of Abnormal Kidneys
in Blunt Renal Trauma. Scand J Urol Nephrol 1998; 32:388-392.
Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Sports Medicine and Fitness. Medical
conditions affecting sports participation. Pediatrics 2001; 107:1205.
PA, Renaud A, Narring F. Sports activities related to injuries? A survey
among 9-19 year olds in Switzerland. Injury Prevention 2001;