were obtained from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children
of 14,000 children from SW England whose expected date of delivery was between
1991-1992. Questionnaires were given at 1, 6, 15, 18 mos of age and every 6 mos
children who were found to be exposed to peanuts by the questionnaire
were interviewed. Thirty-six had skin testing for peanut allergy, with 29
found to be positive. Twenty-three of the peanut allergic children had a food challenge.
groups included children without a peanut exposure and a group of infants
diagnosed with eczema at <6 mos whose mothers also had a history of eczema.
appears to be an association between peanut allergy and:
Consumption of soy milk (adjusted OR 2.61)
Rash over joints and skin creases (adjusted OR 2.60)
Oozing, crusted rash (adjusted OR 5.22)
Use of peanut-oil preparations (adjusted OR 7.49).