are a significant cause of injury and death, both intentional and unintentional.
Because most gun-injured patients die prior to reaching the hospital,
primary prevention is crucial.
study of 1295 patients in a primary care setting selected from an HMO
randomized patients to receive brief (60sec) verbal and written information
on firearm safety in the context of a regular well-child visit or to
routine care. Patients were surveyed on a variety of safety practices,
but study focused on answers to firearm-related questions.
measures were removal or acquisition of a firearm from the home or purchase
of a safety device (gun lock box, locking gun cabinet, gun safe, or
the overall sample there were no significant differences between intervention
and control groups.
the subset of patients who already owned firearms 8.0% in the intervention
group purchased trigger locks vs. 2.5% in the control group. (p=0.06)
With an absolute risk reduction of 5.5, the number needed to treat is