Review Items - Pelvic Neurovasculature

Osteology:
Obturator foramen, groove, and canal (N486, TG3-04, N352, TG6-03, N358, TG6-21)
Greater and lesser sciatic notch (foramina) (N486, TG3-04, N353, TG6-06, N503, TG3-28)
Ischial spine and tuberosity (N486, TG3-04)
Sacroiliac joint (N248, TG5-03, N365, TG6-06)
Anterior (pelvic) sacral foramina (N157)
Ligaments:
Sacrotuberal & sacrospinal (N352, TG6-06, N503, TG3-28)
Obturator membrane (N351, TG6-03)
Muscles:
A. Piriformis m. (N367, TG6-21, N369, TG6-21, 503)
B. Obturator internus m. (N367, TG6-21, N369, TG6-21, N503, TG3-28)
C. Arcus tendineus levatoris ani (N367, TG6-21, N369, TG6-21)
Pelvic diaphragm (N367, TG6-21, N368, TG6-23, N369, TG6-21, N370, TG6-23)
D. Coccygeus m.
Levator ani m.
     E. Puborectalis m.
     F. Pubococcygeus
     G. Iliococcygeus
Urogenital hiatus
Nerves:
Sacral plexus (N412, TG6-18, N497, TG3-25, N499)
H. Lumbosacral trunk
I., J., K., L. Ventral rami of S1 to S4
Sympathetic
Superior hypogastric plexus (N409)
M. Hypogastric nn. (N409)
N. Sacral sympathetic trunk (N410, TG6-19, N412, TG6-18)
     Ganglia
     O. Gray rami communicantes
     P. Sacral splanchnic nn.
Parasympathetic (N410, TG6-19, N412, TG6-18)
Q. Pelvic splanchnic nn.
Autonomic (sympathetic and parasympathetic) (N410, TG6-19, N412, TG6-18)
R. Inferior hypogastric (pelvic) plexus
Innervation of pelvic viscera (N410, TG6-19, N412, TG6-18, N415, N416, N417)
Uterus
Vagina
Urinary bladder
Rectum & anal canal
Vessels:
Common iliac a. & v. (N264, TG5-34)
External iliac a. & v. (N264, TG5-34)
     Inferior epigastric (N253, TG5-07, N255)
     S. Aberrant obturator aa.
Internal iliac a. & v. (N264, TG5-34, N402, TG6-17, N403, TG6-17)
     Posterior division branches (N402, TG6-17,N403, TG6-17)
          T. Iliolumbar a. (N264, TG5-34, N402, TG6-17, N403, TG6-17)
          U. Lateral sacral a. (N264, TG5-34, N402, TG6-17, N403, TG6-17)
          V. Superior gluteal a. (N502, TG3-29 , N402, TG6-17, N403, TG6-17)
     Anterior division branches (N402, TG6-17, N403, TG6-17)
          W. Umbilical a. (N402, TG6-17, N403, TG6-17)
               X. Superior vesical aa. (N402, TG6-17, N403, TG6-17)
               Y. Medial umbilical ligament (obliterated umbilical a.) (N253, TG5-07, N362, TG6-07 and TG6-13)
          Z. Obturator a. (N402, TG6-17, N487, TG3-54)
          AA. Uterine a. (N402, TG6-17, N404)
          BB. Vaginal a. (N402, TG6-17, N404)
          CC. Middle rectal a. (N402, TG6-17, N403, TG6-17, N398)
          DD. Inferior gluteal a. (484, N402, TG6-17, N403, TG6-17)
          EE. Internal pudendal a. (N402, TG6-17, N403, TG6-17, N404, N405, TG6-29)
Clinical Terms:
Urinary stress incontinence
Iatrogenic injury to ureters
Kegel exercises