Lecture Notes - Posterior Triangle of the Neck

The streaming video of the 2004-5 lab overview is available on the web (password protected).
The computer presentation used by Dr. Hildebrandt in lecture is available on the web (password protected). You can also download the PowerPoint presentation to print or review.

  1. Osteology
    • Cranial base
      • Foramen magnum
      • Jugular foramen
      • Carotid canal
      • Occipital condyles
      • Hypoglossal canal
      • Styloid process
      • Pharyngeal tubercle
    • First rib
      • Grooves for subclavian artery and vein
    • Transverse foramina of cervical vertebrae
  2. Cross section of the neck (review)
  3. Scalene muscles & Interscalene Triangle
    • Anterior scalene
    • Middle scalene
    • Posterior scalene
  4. Subclavian artery (3 parts)
    • 1st part (3 branches)
      • Vertebral
      • Thyrocervical trunk
        • Inferior thyroid
        • Transverse cervical
        • Suprascapular
      • Internal thoracic
    • 2nd part (1 branch)
      • Costocervical trunk
    • 3rd part (1 branch)
      • Dorsal scapular (variable origin)
  5. Veins:
    • Internal jugular
    • Subclavian
  6. Lymphatics
    • Deep cervical lymph nodes
    • Jugular trunk
    • Thoracic duct
  7. Nerves
    • Recurrent laryngeal (right and left)
    • Accessory (XI)
    • Cervical plexus
      • Roots (C1-4)
      • Phrenic
    • Cervical sympathetic trunk
      • Superior cervical ganglion
      • Middle cervical ganglion
      • Carotid nn. (internal & external, plexus)
    • Brachial plexus
      • Roots (C5-T1)
        • Dorsal scapular n.
        • Long thoracic n.
      • Trunks
        • Suprascapular n.
  8. Clinical terms
    • Thoracic outlet syndromes
    • Horner's syndrome
    • Subclavian "stick"/ central venous line catheterization
    • Subclavian steal syndrome
    • Virchow's node
    • Carotid stenosis