Review Items - Immunology Review Items

Landmarks and osteology:
Skull
Mastoid process (N 4,8,13, TG 7-04A, 7-05A)
Pharyngeal tubercle (N6, N8, TG7-06)
Foramen magnum (N8, TG7-06)
Occipital condyles (N8, TG7-06)
Jugular foramen (N6, N8, TG7-08, TG7-06)
Hypoglossal canal (N6, N8, TG7-08, TG7-06)
Carotid canal (external opening) (N8, TG7-06)
Styloid process (N4, N8, TG7-04, TG7-06)
Mandible (N 15, TG TG7-04A)
Mental protuberance (N 2,15, TG TG7-03)
Inferior border of mandible (N 15, TG TG7-04A)
Angle of the mandible (N 15, TG TG7-04A)
Sternum (N 1, 185)
Jugular notch (TG 7-01)
Visceral skeleton (N 28,29,77, TG 7-01, 7-09)
Hyoid (body; greater & lesser horns) (N13, N77, TG7-09, TG7-25)
Thyroid cartilage
     Laryngeal prominence
Cricoid cartilage
Trachea
First rib
Grooves for subclavian a. & v. (N186, TG4-04)
Transverse foramina of cervical vertebrae (N18, TG1-03)
Cervical triangles: (N 28, TG 7-02A, 7-02B)
Anterior
Muscular
Carotid
Submandibular
Submental
Posterior
Subclavian (omoclavicular)
Occipital
Deep cervical fascia: (N 35A,35B, TG 7-10, 7-11)
Superficial (investing) layer of deep cervical fascia
Infrahyoid (muscular) fascia
Visceral fascia (pretracheal & buccopharyngeal)
Carotid sheath
Prevertebral fascia
Muscles:
Platysma m. (N 26, TG 7-11, 7-16)
Sternocleidomastoid m. (N 27,28, TG 7-12, 7-16)
Infrahyoid (strap) mm. (N 28,29,31, TG 7-12, 7-13)
Sternohyoid m.
Omohyoid m. (superior & inferior bellies)
Sternothyroid m.
Thyrohyoid m.
Cricothyroid m. (and median ligament) (N 31,74,77, TG 7-13, 7-19)
Pharyngeal constrictor mm. (N65, N75, TG7-21, TG7-22, TG7-24)
Superior
Middle
Inferior
Stylopharyngeus m. (N65, N67, TG7-21, TG7-24)
Pharyngobasilar fascia (N67, TG7-21)
Intrinsic musculature of larynx
Posterior cricoarytenoideus
Lateral cricoarytenoideus
Thyroarytenoideus
Arytenoideus
Cricothyroid m. (and median ligament) (N31, N74, N77, TG7-13, TG7-26)
Anterior, middle, posterior scalene mm. (N28, N30, N32, TG7-15A, TG7-15B, TG7-17, TG7-18)
Prevertebral & scalene fascia (N35, TG7-10A, TG7-10B)
Interscalene triangle (N30, TG7-15)
Carotid sheath (review)
Thyroid gland: (N 74, TG 7-13, 7-14)
Lobes
Isthmus
Pyramidal lobe
Parathyroid glands (N 75, TG 7-14)

Miscellaneous:
Thyrohyoid membrane (N 77, TG 7-14)
Tracheoesophageal groove (N 76, TG 7-20)
Deep cervical lymph nodes (N 72, TG 7-74)
Pharynx: (N67, TG7-21, TG7-23)
Nasopharynx (TG7-22, TG7-23)
Nasal septum
Torus tubarius
Opening of auditory tube
Pharyngeal tonsil
Pharyngeal recess
Oropharynx (TG7-22, TG7-23)
Soft palate & uvula
Palatoglossal & palatopharyngeal arches (folds)
Tonsillar fossa
     Palatine tonsil
Base of tongue & lingual tonsil
Glossoepiglottic folds
Laryngopharynx (N70, TG7-22, TG7-23)
Epiglottis
Laryngeal inlet (aditus)
Piriform recess
Entrance to esophagus
Laryngeal cartilages & joints: (N77, N81, TG7-22, TG7-25, TG7-27, TG7-28)
Thyroid cartilage
Cricoid cartilage
Lamina
Epiglottic cartilage
Arytenoid cartilage
Vocal process
Cricothyroid joint
Cricoarytenoid joint
Interarytenoid notch
Interior of larynx: (N67, N80, N81, N82, TG7-22, TG7-27, TG7-28)
Aryepiglottic fold
Vestibule
Quadrangular membrane
Vestibular fold (false vocal fold)
Ventricle
Vocal fold (true vocal fold)
Vocal ligament
Glottis (Rima glottidis)
Conus elasticus
Infraglottis
Nerves
Glossopharyngeal n. (CN IX) (N71, N125, N130, N131, TG7-20, TG7-21, TG7-90)
Pharyngeal brs.
Carotid sinus n. (N131, TG7-90)
Vagus n. (CN X): (N126, TG7-20, TG7-21, TG7-91, TG7-92)
Pharyngeal brs. (N131, TG7-21)
Superior laryngeal n. (N74, N75, N76, TG7-21, TG7-26)
      External br. (N74, N75, N76, TG7-21, TG7-26)
      Internal br. (N67, N74, N75, N76, TG7-21, TG7-26)
Recurrent laryngeal n. (N74, N75, N76, TG7-21, TG7-26)
     Inferior laryngeal n. (N74, N75, N76, TG7-21, TG7-26)
Hypoglossal n. (CN XII) (N71, N128, TG7-20, TG7-21, TG7-94)
Recurrent laryngeal n. (right & left) (N75, N232, TG7-14, TG7-20)
Accessory n. (XI) (N71, N127, TG7-18, TG7-93)
Phrenic n. (N30, N193, TG4-18, TG7-15)
Cervical plexus (N71, N128, TG7-15, TG7-17)
Roots (C1-4) (N71, N128, TG7-15, TG7-17)
Cervical sympathetic trunk
Superior cervical ganglion (N129, N130, TG7-15, TG7-95)
Middle cervical ganglion (N129, TG7-15, TG7-95)
Carotid nn. (internal & external, plexus) (N130, TG7-15, TG7-95)
Brachial plexus (N30, N430, TG7-14, TG2-14)
Roots (C5-T1)
Trunks
Suprascapular n. (N424,N430, N477, TG2-14, TG2-13)
Dorsal scapular n. (N430, N477, TG2-14, TG2-13)
Long thoracic n. (N185, N430, TG2-14, TG2-13)
Cervical plexus
Cutaneous nn. (N 24,31,32,129, TG 7-11, 7-16A, 7-16B)
     Lesser occipital n.
     Great auricular n.
     Transverse cervical n.
     Supraclavicular nn.
Motor nn. (N 36,135, TG 7-12, 7-13)
     Ansa cervicalis
          Superior & inferior roots
Cervical branch of facial n. (CN VII) (N 29,51, TG 7-11, 7-30)
Vagus n. (X) (N 132, TG 7-14)
Superior laryngeal n. (N 78,79,80, TG 7-14, 7-20)
     External br. (N 74,75,76, TG 7-14, 7-20, 7-26)
     Internal br. (N 67,74,75,76, TG 7-14, 7-20, 7-26)
Recurrent laryngeal n. (N 74,75,76, TG 7-14, 7-26)
Hypoglossal n. (XII) (N 32 ,71,128, TG 7-13, 7-18)
Arteries:
Common carotid a.
Carotid bifurcation (N69, N136, TG7-19, TG7-71)
External carotid a. (N31, N32, N33, N34N69, N136, TG7-19, TG7-71)
     Superior thyroid a. (seen previously) (N31, N32, N33, N34, TG7-13, TG7-14, TG7-25)
          Superior laryngeal a.
     Lingual a. (N31, N32, N33, N34, TG7-13, TG7-25, TG7-26)
     Facial a. (N31, N32, N33, N34, TG7-19, TG7-31, TG7-71)
     Occipital a. (N31, N32, N33, N34, TG7-71)
     Ascending pharyngeal a. (N31, N32, N33, N34, TG7-71)
Internal carotid a. (N69, N136, TG7-19, TG7-72)
     Carotid sinus (N130, N136, TG7-71)
     Carotid body (N130, N136, TG7-90)
Subclavian a. (N33, N136, TG7-15A, TG7-15B)
Vertebral a. (N33, N136, TG7-15, TG7-72)
Internal thoracic a. (N33, N136, TG7-15A, TG7-15B, TG4-09)
Thyrocervical trunk (N33, N136, TG7-15A, TG7-15B)
     Inferior thyroid a. (N33, N136, TG7-14, TG7-15A, TG7-15B)
     Transverse cervical a. (N33, N184, TG1-13, TG7-14, TG7-15A, TG7-15B)
     Suprascapular a. (N33, N427, TG2-15, TG7-14, TG7-15A, TG7-15B)
Costocervical trunk (N33, N130, TG7-14, TG7-15A, TG7-15B)
Dorsal scapular a. (N33, N410, TG2-09, TG7-14, TG7-15A, TG7-15B)
Veins:
Superficial vv.
External jugular v. (N 31,74, TG 7-11)
Anterior jugular v. (N 31,74, TG 7-11)
Communicating v. (N 31,74, TG 7-11)
Jugular venous arch (N 256, TG 7-11)
Internal jugular v. (N 31, TG 7-13)
Pharyngeal plexus of veins (N73, TG7-73)
Middle thyroid v. (N 74, TG 7-13)
Brachiocephalic v. (N70, N74, TG4-19)
Subclavian v. (N70, N75, TG4-19, TG7-14)
Lymphatics:
Deep cervical lymph nodes (superior & inferior groups) (N72, TG7-74)
Thoracic duct (N238, N239, N264, TG4-44, TG5-37)
Clinical Terms:
Goiter
Tracheostomy
Cricothyrotomy
Thyroidectomy
Thyroglossal duct cyst
Torticollis
Subclavian "stick"/central venous line catheterization
Thoracic outlet syndrome
Cervical rib
Scalenus anticus syndrome
Subclavian steal syndrome
Virchow's node
Radical neck dissection
Carotid stenosis & endarterectomy
Horner's syndrome
Tonsillitis
Quinsy
Tonsillectomy
Adnenoidectomy
Laryngectomy
Zenker's diverticulum
Heimlich maneuver