Below are written questions from previous quizzes and exams. Click here for a Practical Quiz.
An example of a temporary cartilaginous joint is a/an:
articular disk. epiphyseal plate or growth plate. intervertebral disk. meniscus. primary ossification center.
Which joint would be subject to synovitis (inflammation of the synovial membrane)?
epiphyseal plate metacarpophalangeal pubic symphysis radioulnar syndesmosis suture
Which of the following structures is unique to a synovial joint?
Accessory ligaments Bursae Collateral ligaments Fibrocartilage Joint cavity
An athlete has a knee injury, and the doctor performs a "drawer test" by pulling and pushing on the leg with the knee flexed. If the leg translates anteriorly, i. e. "gives" or moves anteriorly when the leg is pulled anteriorly, what joint structure is most likely injured?
anterior cruciate ligament lateral collateral ligament medial collateral ligament medial meniscus posterior cruciate ligament
In an auto accident, the patient's knee strikes the dashboard which in turn pushes the head of the femur posteriorly out of its socket. Which ligament is most likely ruptured by this posterior dislocation?
iliofemoral ischiofemoral pubofemoral transverse acetabular
To test the integrity of the knee joint, a physician pulls anteriorly on the flexed leg of his patient. This "drawer" test is positive if the leg moves excessively anteriorward. This would indicate a weakness in or rupture of the:
medial meniscus posterior cruciate ligament fibular collateral ligament medial collateral ligament anterior cruciate ligament
One of the menisci of the knee is often injured in a sprain of the knee because the:
Anterior cruciate ligament is attached to the lateral meniscus Anterior cruciate ligament is attached to the medial meniscus Lateral collateral ligament is attached to the lateral meniscus Medial collateral ligament is attached to the medial meniscus Posterior cruciate ligament is attached to the lateral meniscus
A soldier developed "fallen arches" from marching with a heavy pack in boots that lacked arch support. The ligament that normally supports the head of the talus and is primarily responsible for holding up the medial longitudinal arch of the foot is the: calcaneometatarsal deltoid long plantar plantar calcaneonavicular (spring) short plantar
While water skiing in Florida following final exams, a medical student falls and twists her ankle. Her foot is forcibly everted, which could cause a sprain of which ligament?
Anterior talofibular Anterior tibiofibular Calcaneofibular Deltoid Plantar calcaneonavicular (spring ligament)
During the Orange Bowl, the national championship football game between Florida State and a team from a land-locked state, a player is blocked from behind during a kick-off return, injuring his medial collateral ligament. The team doctor tests his knee by pulling anteriorly on the leg with the knee flexed. If the leg translates (moves) forward significantly, this indicates damage to which structure?
Anterior cruciate ligament Lateral collateral ligament Medial meniscus Medial collateral ligament Posterior cruciate ligament
A young man involved in a head-on automobile collision had his flexed knee hit the dashboard of the car. He was later found to have a major instability of the knee, in that his tibia could be moved posteriorly relative to the femur. What ligament was likely damaged?
Lateral collateral ligament Deltoid Medial collateral ligament Anterior cruciate ligament Posterior cruciate ligament
During a basketball game, the center of the team went up for a rebound and when coming down, her foot landed on the foot of another player, sharply everting it. She limped off the floor, having severely sprained the medial side of her ankle. Which ligament was injured?
Calcaneofibular Deltoid Short plantar ligament Plantar calcaneonavicular Tibial collateral ligament
Which ligament limits extension at the hip joint?
Iliofemoral Ligamentum capitis femorus Pubofemoral Zona orbicularis
In injuries of the knee, the medial meniscus is frequently torn because it is firmly attached to which structure?
Anterior cruciate ligament Fibular collateral ligament Tibial collateral ligament Patellar ligament Patellar retinaculum