Review Items - Flexor compartment of the forearm, Superficial Hand, and Elbow joint

| Review Items Key | Review Items Sequence Summary |

Osteology:

Humerus (N436,TG2-03)

Trochlea

Capitulum


Ulna (
N436,TG2-04)

Radial notch

Trochlear notch

Head (N439,TG2-04)


Radius (
N439,TG2-04)

Head

Ulnar notch

Interosseous crest of ulna (N439,TG2-04)

Interosseous crest of radius (N439,TG2-04)

Dorsal radial tubercle (N439,TG2-04)


Carpals: scaphoid, lunate, triquetrum, pisiform, trapezium, trapezoid, capitate, hamate (hook) (
N452,TG2-31,TG2-32)
Metacarpals (
N452,N456,TG2-31,TG2-32
Phalanges (proximal, middle, distal) (
N456,TG2-31,TG2-32)

Compartments and fascia:

Antebrachial fascia (N476,N479,TG2-02
Anterior compartment of forearm (
N449,TG2-23

Palmar carpal ligament (N459,TG2-23
Posterior compartment (
N449,TG2-29

Extensor retinaculum (N470,TG2-29

     Synovial bursa (sheath) (N470,TG2-34
Interosseous membrane (
N439,TG2-21
Anatomical snuffbox (
N444,N467,TG2-29)

Muscles:

Anterior (flexor) compartment: (N442,N443,TG2-23

Pronator teres m.(superficial and deep heads) (N440,N447,N448,TG2-23,TG2-24

Flexor carpi radialis m. (N446,TG2-23

Palmaris longus m. (N446,TG2-23

Flexor carpi ulnaris m. (N446,TG2-23

Flexor digitorum superficialis m. (N447,TG2-24

Flexor digitorum profundus m. (N448,TG2-25

Flexor pollicis longus m. (N447,TG2-25

Pronator quadratus m. (N440,N448,TG2-25

Nerves:

Ulnar n. (N448,N468,N476,TG2-27,TG2-49
Median n. (
N466,N475,TG2-27,TG2-48

Anterior interosseous n. (N448,TG2-27,TG2-25
Radial nn. (superficial & deep) (
N447,N467,N478,TG2-27,TG2-50)

Vessels:

Ulnar a. (N448,TG2-26A,TG2-26B,TG2-46

Common interosseous a. (N448,TG2-26A,TG2-26B

     Anterior interosseous a. (N448,N466,TG2-26A,TG2-26B

     Posterior interosseous a. (N448,N445,TG2-26A,TG2-30,TG2-26A

Radial a. (N447,N466,TG2-26A,TG2-26B,TG2-46)

Compartments of the hand:

Thenar (N460TG2-34N462TG2-36)

Hypothenar (N460TG2-34N462TG2-36)

Central (N462TG2-36)

Adductor-interosseous (N462TG2-36)

Special structures:

Palmar aponeurosis (N459TG2-33
Flexor retinaculum (
N460TG2-34
Carpal tunnel (
N461TG2-36
Radial bursa (
N462
Ulnar bursa (
N462TG2-34
Fibrous digital flexor sheaths (
N462TG2-34
Vincula (
N464TG2-45)

Muscles: 

Abductor pollicis brevis m. (N465TG2-34
Flexor pollicis brevis m. (
N465TG2-34
Opponens pollicis m. (
N465TG2-35
Adductor pollicis (oblique & transverse heads) m. (
N461N465TG2-35
Abductor digiti minimi m. (
N461N465TG2-35
Flexor digiti minimi (brevis) m. (
N461N465TG2-34
Opponens digiti minimi m. (
N461N465TG2-35
Dorsal interossei mm. (4) (
N465TG2-35
Palmar interossei mm. (3) (
N465TG2-35
Lumbricals mm. (4) (
N463TG2-34)

Nerves: 

Median: (N475TG2-48)

Recurrent (motor) br. (N466TG2-38

Common palmar digital brs. (N466TG2-38

     Proper palmar digital brs. (N466TG2-38ATG2-38B
Ulnar: (
N476TG2-49

Superficial branch (N466TG2-38

     Common palmar digital brs. (N466TG2-38

          Proper palmar digital brs. (N466TG2-38ATG2-38B

Deep br. (N465N466TG2-38)

Arteries: 

Radial - superficial palmar br., princeps pollicis, radialis indicis, deep br. (N466TG2-37
Ulnar - superficial & deep brs. (
N466TG2-37ATG2-37B
Superficial palmar arterial arch (
N466TG2-37ATG2-37B

Common palmar digital brs. (N466TG2-37ATG2-37B

     Proper palmar digital brs. (N466TG2-37ATG2-37B
Deep palmar arterial arch (
N466TG2-37ATG2-37B

Palmar metacarpal brs. (N466TG2-37ATG2-37B)

Elbow joint:

Humeroulnar joint

Humeroradial joint (N436,TG2-43A,TG2-43BC)

Radioulnar joint (proximal) (N438,TG2-43BC)

    Ulnar and radial collateral ligaments

    Annular ligament


Interosseous membrane (
N439,TG2-21)

Distal radioulnar joint: (
N454,TG2-44A,N455,TG2-44B)

Articular disc (TG2-44C)


Radiocarpal (wrist) joint:

Palmar radiocarpal ligament (N454,TG2-44)

Dorsal radiocarpal ligament (N455,TG2-44)

Ulnar and radial collateral ligament (N454,TG2-44A, N455,TG2-44B)

Clinical Terms:

Colles fracture

Tennis elbow

Epicondylitis

Scaphoid fracture/avascular necrosis

Wrist drop

Dupuytren's contracture

Ulnar claw hand

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Ape hand

Allen's test

 

Updated: 25 Oct 2011

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