Review Items - Kidneys & Retroperitoneum

Kidney: (N 334,342, TG 5-30A,5-30B,5-30C,5-31B,5-31C,5-42)
Paravertebral gutters (N 263,342,329, TG 5-30B,5-30C)
A. Pararenal fat (TG 5-31B)
B. Renal fascia (TG 5-31B)
C. Perirenal fat (adipose capsule) (TG 5-31B)
D. Renal (fibrous) capsule (TG 5-32B)
Hilum (TG 5-32B)
Sinus (TG 5-32B)
Cortex (TG 5-32B)
E. Renal columns (TG 5-32B)
Medulla (TG 5-32B)
F. Renal pyramids (TG 5-32B)
G. Renal papillae (TG 5-32B)
H. Minor calyx (TG 5-32B)
I. Major calyx (TG 5-32B)
J. Renal pelvis (TG 5-32B)
K. Ureter (TG 5-32B,5-30B)
L. Suprarenal gland: (N 347, TG 5-31C)
Cortex (TG 5-32A)
Medulla (TG 5-32A)
M. Branch of greater thoracic splanchnic n. (N 318,346, TG 5-39,8-16)
Diaphragm: (N 185,263, TG 5-33)
N., O., P. Lateral, medial, and median arcuate ligaments
Q. Central tendon
R., S. Right and left crura
Aortic hiatus
Esophageal hiatus
Caval foramen (hiatus)
T. Lumbocostal trigone
Muscles (N 263, TG 5-33)
U., V. Psoas major & minor
W. Quadratus lumborum
X. Iliacus m.
Abdominal aorta: (N 264, TG 5-34)
Y. Inferior phrenic a.
Z. Celiac trunk (N 300,301,302, TG 5-34,5-19)
AA. Superior mesenteric a. (N 306, TG 5-13)
BB. Renal aa. (N 332 ,335, TG 5-34, 5-32)
CC. Interlobar aa.
DD. Supernumerary renal aa. (N 333)
EE. Gonadal aa. (N 332,400,401, TG 5-34, 5-30)
Suprarenal aa. (N 332, TG 5-34, 5-32)
FF., GG., HH. Superior, middle and inferior
II. Inferior mesenteric a. (N 307, TG 5-14)
JJ. Lumbar segmental aa.
KK. Median sacral a.
LL. Common iliac aa.
Inferior vena cava: (N 265, TG 5-30, 5-34)
MM. Common iliac vv.
NN. Lumbar segmental vv. (N 332, TG 5-34)
OO. Right gonadal v. (N 332,400,401, TG 5-34)
PP. Right renal v. (N 332,341, TG 5-34)
QQ. Right suprarenal v. (N 332, TG 5-34)
RR. Right inferior phrenic v. (TG 5-34)
SS. Left renal v. (N 332,328, TG 5-34)
TT. Left gonadal v. (N 332,400,401, TG 5-34)
UU. Left suprarenal v. (N 332, TG 5-34)
VV. Left inferior phrenic v. (N 332, TG 5-34)
Nerves:
WW. Celiac branches of posterior vagal trunk (N 318,319, TG 8-17)
XX. Celiac ganglia and plexus (N 318,319,320, TG 8-16, 5-39)
YY. Aorticorenal ganglion (N 318, TG 8-16, 5-39)
ZZ. Superior mesenteric ganglion & plexus (N 318,322, TG 8-16, 5-39)
AAA., BBB., CCC. Greater and lesser (and least) thoracic splanchnic nn. (in abdomen) (N 318,320,323,330, TG 8-16, 5-39)
DDD. Intermesenteric plexus (N 318, TG 5-40, 5-41, 8-16, 5-39)
EEE. Superior hypogastric plexus (N 318, TG 5-40, 5-41, 5-39)
FFF. Lumbar sympathetic trunk (N 267,318, TG 5-40, 5-41, 8-16, 5-39)
GGG. Gray and white rami communicantes
HHH. Lumbar ganglia (N 318, TG 5-40, 5-41)
III. Lumbar splanchnic nn. (N 318, TG 5-40, 5-41)
JJJ. Subcostal n. (N 267,496, TG 5-38)
Lumbar plexus (N 267,497,498, TG 5-38)
KKK. Iliohypogastric n.
LLL. Ilioinguinal n.
MMM. Genitofemoral n.
NNN. Lateral femoral cutaneous n.
OOO. Femoral n.
PPP. Obturator n.
Lymphatics: (N 266,546, TG 5-37)
QQQ. Lumbar (lateral aortic) nodes
Lumbar lymph trunks
Intestinal trunk
RRR. Cisterna chyli
SSS. Femoral ring & deep inguinal lymph nodes
Clinical Terms:
Femoral nerve iatrogenic injury
Renal calculus (kidney stone)
Cystic kidney
Horseshoe/pelvic kidney
Hiatal hernia
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)
Intravenous pyelogram (IVP)