Review Items - Thoracic Wall, Pleura, & Pericardium

| Review Items Key | Review Items Sequence Summary |

Landmarks and osteology:

Sternum (N185,TG4-04)
     Body
     Manubrium
     Sternal angle
     Xiphoid process
     Suprasternal (jugular) notch
Typical rib (N186,TG4-04,TG4-05)
     Head, neck, tubercle, angle and costal groove
     Costal margin

Pleura: (N241)

Visceral pleura
Parietal pleura
     Costal, diaphragmatic, mediastinal, cupula, lines of pleural reflection (N211,N196,TG4-18)
Hilar reflection (N241,TG4-29)
Pulmonary ligament (N199,N230,N206,TG4-31,TG4-35,TG4-36)
Recesses
     Costodiaphragmatic (N230,N206,TG4-13A,TG4-13B,TG4-15, TG4-16,TG4-17)
     Costomediastinal (N230,N206,TG4-13A,TG4-15)

Vessels:

Internal thoracic a. & v. (N191,TG4-08,TG4-09)
    
    Pericardiacophrenic a. & v. (N194,N212,TG4-18)
     Anterior intercostal aa. & vv. (N191,TG4-08,TG4-09)
     Superior epigastric a. & v. (N191,TG4-08,TG4-09)
     Musculophrenic a. & v. (N191,TG4-08,TG4-09)

Posterior intercostal aa. & vv. (N192,TG4-10,TG4-39)
Left superior intercostal vein (N231,TG4-36,TG4-40)
Superior vena cava (N212,TG4-35,TG4-40)
Pulmonary trunk (N212,TG4-19,TG4-29)
     Left & right pulmonary aa. & vv. (N206,TG4-29)
Inferior vena cava (N206,N265,TG4-20,TG4-37)
Aorta (N212,TG4-37,TG4-39)
     Ascending
     Arch
Ligamentum arteriosum (TG4-19,TG4-29)

Muscles:

External intercostal muscle and membrane (N189,N191,TG4-08)
Internal intercostal muscle and membrane (N189,N258,TG4-09,TG4-10)
Innermost intercostal layer (N189,258,TG4-09,TG4-10)
     Transversus thoracis m. (N189,TG4-09)
     Innermost intercostal m. (N189,N258,TG4-10)
     Subcostalis m. (seen later) (TG4-10)

Nerves:

Intercostal nn. and collateral branches (N191,N258,TG4-09,TG4-10)
Phrenic n. (N193,N212TG4-09,TG4-18)
Left vagus n. (N206,N212,TG4-19,TG4-36)
     Left recurrent laryngeal n. (TG4-36,TG4-45)

Mediastinum: (N231,TG4-35,TG4-36,TG4-37)

Anterior
Middle
Posterior

Pericardium:

Fibrous (N211)
Serous (N212,N241,TG4-18,TG4-19)
     Parietal
     Visceral (epicardium)
Pericardial sac & cavity
     Oblique sinus (N212,N215,TG4-20)
     Transverse sinus (N215,TG4-20)

Heart:

External features
     Apex (N212,TG4-19)
     Base (N212,TG4-19,TG4-22)
     Right (acute) & left (obtuse) margins (N212,TG4-15)
     Diaphragmatic surface (N214,TG4-22)
     Atrioventricular (coronary) sulcus (N212)
     Anterior & posterior interventricular sulci (N212,N214,TG4-19)
     Right and left atria and auricles (N212,N214,TG4-19)
Sternocostal projections (margins, great vessels and valve positions) (N196,TG4-15,TG4-16,TG4-14)

Miscellaneous: