Review Items - Superior Mediastinum & Lungs

Landmarks and osteology:

Sternal angle (N185,TG4-04)
Superior mediastinum (N231,TG4-35,TG4-36)

Lungs: (N199,N211,TG4-30,TG4-31)

A. Apex
B. Base
C. Cardiac notch
D. Lingula
Fissures
    E. Oblique
    F. Horizontal (right)
Hilum
Projection of lungs and fissures to rib cage (N196,N197,N200,TG4-13A,TG4-13B,TG4-15, TG4-16)
Surfaces and borders (N206,TG4-30,TG4-31)
Right lung - lobes and bronchopulmonary segments (N201,N203,TG4-32AB,TG4-32CD)
    Superior lobe: apical, posterior and anterior segments
    Middle lobe: medial and lateral segments
    Inferior lobe: superior seg.; ant., med., lat. & post. basal seg.
Left lung - lobes and bronchopulmonary segments (N201,N203,TG4-32AB,TG4-32CD)
    Superior lobe
        Superior division: apicoposterior & anterior segments
        Lingular division: superior and inferior lingular segments
    Inferior lobe: superior seg.; ant., med., lat. & post. basal seg.

Trachea & bronchial tree:

Tracheal bifurcation (N202,TG4-33,TG4-34)
G. Carina
Bronchi (N202,N203,TG4-33,TG4-34,TG4-38)
    H. & I. Main (primary) - Right and left
    Lobar (secondary)
        J., K., & L. Superior, middle and inferior (right lung)
            M. Bronchus intermedius
        N. & O. Superior and inferior (left lung)
            P. Lingular bronchus
    Segmental (tertiary)
        Q. Superior segmental bronchus of right inferior lobe

Lymphatics: (N208,TG4-42,TG4-44)

R. Pulmonary nodes
S. Bronchopulmonary (hilar) nodes
T. Tracheobronchial (carinal) nodes (superior & inferior)
U. Tracheal (paratracheal) nodes

Nerves:

V. Cardiac plexus (N209,N226,N240,TG4-38,TG4-45)
W. Pulmonary plexuses (N209,N240,TG4-38,TG4-45)

Vessels:

Aortic arch (N206,N232,TG4-38,TG4-39)
    X. Brachiocephalic trunk
    Y. Left common carotid a.
    Z. Left subclavian a.
AA. Superior vena cava (N206,N212,N238,TG4-19,TG4-15)
    BB. & CC. Brachiocephalic vv. (N206,N212,N238,TG4-19,TG4-18)
        DD. Thymic veins (N211,TG4-19)
        EE. Inferior thyroid vv. (N 70,N238,TG7-13,TG4-19)
FF. Internal thoracic a. and v. (N191,TG4-19,TG4-09)
    GG. Pericardiacophrenic aa. and vv. (N206,N191,TG4-19,TG4-20)
Pulmonary trunk (N206,TG4-34,TG4-19)
    HH. Pulmonary aa. (N199,N206,TG4-34,TG4-20,TG4-29)