Review Items - Posterior Mediastinum

Landmarks and osteology:

Posterior mediastinum (definition & boundaries) (N231,TG4-35,TG4-36,TG4-37)

Viscera:

Trachea (N232,TG4-33,TG4-38)
Tracheal bifurcation
Main (primary) bronchi
    Right and left
A. Esophagus (N232,TG4-38)


Nerves:

B. Vagus nn. (N212,N226,N232,N240,TG4-38,TG4-45)
C. Esophageal plexus (N209,N240,TG4-38,TG4-45)
D. Thoracic sympathetic trunk (N209,N240,TG4-45,TG4-46)
    E. Thoracic ganglia
    F. Cervicothoracic (stellate) ganglion
    G. White and gray rami communicantes (N209,N240,N258,N192,TG4-45,TG4-46)
H. Greater thoracic splanchnic n. (TG4-46)

Vessels:

Descending aorta (N206,N232,TG4-38,TG4-39)
    Visceral branches
         I. Bronchial aa. (N207,TG4-39)
         J. Esophageal aa. (N237,TG4-39)
    Parietal branches
         K. Posterior intercostal aa. (3-11) (N172,N192,N237,TG4-39,TG4-10)
         Subcostal a. (12) (N264,TG4-39)
Azygos venous system & associated veins (N238,TG4-40)
    L. Azygos v.
    M. Hemiazygos v.
    N. Accessory hemiazygos v.
    O. & P. Superior intercostal vv. (left & right) (N230,TG4-40)
    Q. Posterior intercostal vv. (segmentals) (N231,TG4-40)

Lymphatics:

R. Thoracic duct (N206,N266,TG4-44)

Miscellaneous: