Haemophilus influenzae TYPE b (Hib) VACCINE
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW
1. What is Hib disease?
Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) disease is a serious disease caused by a bacteria. It usually strikes children under 5 years old.
Your child can get Hib disease by being around other children or adults who may have the bacteria and not know it. The germs spread from person to person. If the germs stay in the child’s nose and throat, the child probably will not get sick. But sometimes the germs spread into the lungs or the bloodstream, and then Hib can cause serious problems.
Before Hib vaccine, Hib disease was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis among children under 5 years old in the United States. Meningitis is an infection of the brain and spinal cord coverings, which can lead to lasting brain damage and deafness. Hib disease can also cause:
Before Hib vaccine, about 20,000 children in the United States under 5 years old got severe Hib disease each year and nearly 1,000 people died.
Hib vaccine can prevent Hib disease. Many more children would get Hib disease if we stopped vaccinating.
2. Who should get Hib vaccine and when?
Children should get Hib vaccine at:
If you miss a dose or get behind schedule, get the next dose as soon as you can. There is no need to start over.
Hib vaccine may be given at the same time as other vaccines.
Older Children and Adults
3. Some people should not get Hib vaccine or should wait.
Ask your doctor or nurse for more information.
4. What are the risks from Hib vaccine?
A vaccine, like any medicine, is capable of causing serious problems, such as severe allergic reactions. The risk of Hib vaccine causing serious harm or death is extremely small.
Most people who get Hib vaccine do not have any problems with it.
If these problems happen, they usually start within a day of vaccination. They may last 2-3 days.
5. What if there is a moderate or severe reaction?
What should I look for?
What should I do?
VAERS does not provide medical advice.
6. The National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program
In the rare event that you or your child has a serious reaction to a vaccine, a federal program has been created to help you pay for the care of those who have been harmed.
For details about the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program, call 1-800-338-2382 or visit the program’s website at www.hrsa.gov/vaccinecompensation
7. How can I learn more?
• Ask your provider. They can give you the vaccine package insert or suggest other sources of information.
• Call your local or state health department’s immunization program.
• Contact the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC):