Adventure Activities

Avoiding problems

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High altitude activities: If you anticipate travel to a region at an altitude higher than 10,000 feet above sea level, you may encounter symptoms of altitude sickness. This is most common among travelers who make a rapid ascent to high altitude without time for acclimatization. Symptoms of altitude sickness include: dizziness or light-headedness, fatigue, shortness of breath with minimal activity, rapid heart beat, insomnia, headache, and nausea. More severe (and potentially dangerous) symptoms may occur at even higher altitudes, with a rapid ascent, or when exposure to high altitude is combined with alcohol intake. There are ways to avoid or minimize altitude sickness. Tell your travel clinic professional if you plan this type of travel.

Sports activities: Wear protective gear for mountain or rock climbing. Wear a helmet on a bicycle or motorcycles. And wear a life jacket when boating or participating in water sports.

Animals: Do not approach wild animals on safari or stray dogs or cats in villages. Rabies is still a significant problem in many parts of the world. It can be transmitted by the bite of a mammal (i.e., warm-blooded animals with hair), although dogs are common sources in developing coutries. Local authorities will know which animals are a risk for rabies. However, you should seek emergency medical attention if you are bitten by any animal, including non-mammals.


Activities involving continuous exposure to water: These activities may include whitewater rafting or boating trips, hiking through swamps or flood zones, archaeological excavations where rain water may collect, and others. If you plan an activity like these with frequent or continuous exposure to rainwater or floodwaters, notify your travel professional to determine whether a simple once-a-week medication is advisable to prevent leptospirosis.

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