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Gynecologic Cancers: Awareness

Every woman is at risk for developing a gynecologic cancer

Six types of cancer affect a woman's reproductive organs:

Cancer of the cervix
Most cervical cancers begin in the cells lining the cervix. There are 2 main types of cervical cancers: squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. About 80% to 90% of cervical cancers are squamous cell carcinomas.

Source: American Cancer Society Cervical Cancer.


Cancer of the endometrium (uterus)
Endometrial cancer is a cancer that starts in the endometrium, the inner lining of the uterus (womb). It is a highly curable tumor. This type of cancer is different from cancer of the muscle of the uterus (see below) which is known as sarcoma of the uterus.

Source: American Cancer Society Endometrial (Uterine) Cancer.


Sarcoma of the uterus
Uterine sarcoma is a cancer of the muscle and supporting tissues of the uterus (womb). Types of uterine sarcoma: endometrial stromal sarcoma, undifferentiated sarcomas and uterine leiomyosarcomas.

Source: American Cancer Society Uterine Sarcoma.


Cancer of the vagina
The vagina is sometimes called the birth canal. The vagina goes from the cervix (the lower part of the uterus) to open up at the vulva (the external genitals). Types of cancer of the vagina: squamous cell cancer, adenocarcinoma, melanoma, sarcoma.

Source: American Cancer Society Vaginal Cancer.


Cancer of the vulva
The vulva is the outer part of the female genitals. A rare kind of gynecological cancer.

Source: American Cancer Society Vulvar Cancer.


Cancer of the fallopian tubes
In this cancer, tumor develops from cells inside the fallopian tubes. Cancer of the fallopian tubes is very rare. Fallopian tube cancer and ovarian cancer have similar symptoms.

Source: American Cancer Society Ovarian Cancer.


Cancer of the ovaries
Ovarian cancer is cancer that begins in the ovaries. Ovaries are reproductive glands found only in women. There are three types of ovarian cancer: eptithelial (most common), germ cell and stromal cell.

Source: American Cancer Society Ovarian Cancer.


Gestational trophoblastic diseases
Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) is a group of rare tumors that involve abnormal growth of cells inside a woman's uterus. GTD does not develop from cells of the uterus like cervical cancer or endometrial (uterine lining) cancer do. Instead, these tumors start in the cells that would normally develop into the placenta during pregnancy. Most GTDs are benign (non-cancerous) and they don't invade deeply into body tissues or spread to other parts of the body. But some are cancerous.

Source: American Cancer Society Gestational Trophoblastic Disease.

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Cancer AnswerLine:  800-865-1125

Related Resource:

National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program (NBCCEDP)going to a new website
this program provides low-income, uninsured, and underserved women access to timely breast and cervical cancer screening and diagnostic services.