Learn About Adrenal Cancer
Because adult adrenal cancers are aggressive and almost always diagnosed late, the chances for survival are not good. Survival rates vary with the stage of the tumor.In stage I disease, the tumor is less than 5 centimeters in diameter (about the size of a dime) and is contained within the adrenal gland. In stage II, the tumor is more than 5 centimeters, but still present only in the adrenal gland. In stage III, the tumor has spread locally to areas near the adrenal gland. In stage IV, cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
In 40% of patients diagnosed with stage I adrenocortical carcinoma, the cancer recurs after treatment. For those diagnosed in stage II, the recurrence rate is 60%. For stage III, 70% to 80% of patients experience recurrence. Patients diagnosed in stage IV face a 90% or higher rate of recurrence.
After a recurrence of adrenal cancer, virtually all patients die within five years.
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